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Hyperspermia – Symptoms, Causes & Fertility

symptoms, causes of hyperspermia

During male ejaculation, semen is released which typically contains sperm and fluid from the prostate gland. Hyperspermia is a condition in which a man produces a larger than normal volume of semen. This excessive amount can range in the volume of more than 5 ml per ejaculation.

Although hyperspermia is rare and not as common as hypospermia (when a man produces low ejaculate volume of under 1.5 ml), having a larger concentration of the sperm can lead to infertility issues within the male reproductive system.

The good news is that this condition does not lead to serious medical issues. The bad news? It can hinder a couple’s chances of successful fertilization.

What Are the Causes of Hyperspermia?

There is no simple cause of hyperspermia. Excessive sperm volume can be linked to generic abnormalities and conditions, hormone therapy medication, steroid use, or an underlying medical

Although a low volume of sperm is needed for a successful conception, the strength of the sperm is vital to the fertilization process.


  • Excessive amounts of semen 
  • Abnormal wetness during sex 
  • Frequent urination 
  • Pelvis pressure 
  • Painful ejaculation 
  • Little to no sperm count 
  • Inability to conceive

What Is the Diagnosis for Hyperspermia?

To properly diagnose hyperspermia, fertility specialists will conduct a series of tests to determine
the heath of the semen produced, as well as the state of the reproductive system of the male

Physical Examination

As with any potential medical condition, a physical examination by a qualified physician will be done to rule out any reproductive abnormalities.

Hormone Tests

Hormone tests can discover if low levels of testosterone are the cause of the hyperspermia condition. Any abnormalities within the hormone production or bloodstream will be uncovered.

Imaging Tests

An ultrasound or other imaging test may be performed to expose any detrimental causes of
infertility with the structure of the male reproductive system.

Semen Analysis

A semen analysis test can reveal any issues with the sperm and analyzes count, motility, quality,
and other related semen conditions.

What Are the Treatments for Hyperspermia?

Although there is no one particular treatment for hyperspermia, the condition can be managed with medication and lifestyle changes. Severe cases may be treated with surgery to address constrictions within the reproductive ducts.


The effect of hyperspermia may be counteracted by the use of medications. These can include (but are not limited to) estrogen receptor blockers and clomiphene citrate (Clomid) to stimulate
hormone production in the brain.

Assisted Reproductive Technologies

Assisted reproductive therapy (ART) are common treatments for various infertility cases. In vitro
fertilization (IVF)
, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), and intrauterine insemination (IUI)
are used to improve the chances of a successful conception and pregnancy.

Sperm Retrieval Technique

Various methods of retrieving sperm can include testicular sperm aspiration (TESA), percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration (PESA), testicular sperm extraction (TESE), microepididymal sperm aspiration (MESA), and microdissection TESE (microTESE).

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between hyperspermia and hypospermia?

Hyperspermia occurs when an excessive amount of semen is present while hypospermia relates
to a lower amount of semen than normal.

Can hyperspermia cause permanent infertility?

No, in most cases hyperspermia can make it difficult to conceive, but it does not consequentially
cause permanent infertility.

Can you trigger hyperspermia?

Hyperspermia may be directly or indirectly linked to one’s diet. High fiber and excessive protein have been connected for overproduction of sperm. Use of steroids can also result in an increase
in the volume of sperm during ejaculation.

When should I see a doctor?

If you and your partner have been having difficulty conceiving, it’s recommended that you see a fertility specialist so that the doctor can conduct a series of tests. With all of the possible reasons
for infertility, excessive production of semen may be treated with proper medical care.

Consult the Fertility Specialists at ONE Fertility Kitchener Waterloo

ONE Fertility Kitchener Waterloo is a fertility clinic that offers comprehensive assessment and treatment plans based on the needs of both the female and male patients. Our certified fertility specialists provide care, treatment, and counselling throughout the entire fertility journey.
As a leading fertility clinic in the Kitchener Waterloo region, we have proven success rates in
helping individuals and couples. Contact us today at (519) 650-0011.


4271 King St East, Suite 200
Kitchener, ON
N2P 2X7

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Phone: 519.650.0011
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