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IVF – Advantages and Disadvantages

ivf advantages and disadvantages
In vitro fertilization (IVF) in Ontario has helped thousands of people form the family they have always dreamed of. The procedure, which involves fertilizing eggs in a laboratory before transferring the embryos into the uterus, can provide hope for couples struggling with infertility.
This complex procedure has many advantages and disadvantages, making it a viable “last stop” for many people. But with the advancement of technology and research, IVF has improved to be one of the first steps people should consider when encountered with any fertility issues.

Advantages of IVF

While IVF is only one treatment for infertility issues, it does offer several safe benefits for most people.

High Success Rate of Pregnancy

IVF has been shown to increase a person’s chances of conception even in women over the age of 30. As the top assisted reproductive technology, IVF provides the highest success rate for all infertility issues. Over time, a woman’s eggs lower in quantity and quality due to the natural aging process. With IVF, only the most viable eggs are selected for the procedure.

Helps to Overcome Infertility in Both Men and Women

In addition to the natural aging process on a woman’s eggs, infertility can be related to ovulation conditions, reproductive tract blockage, low sperm count, and/or scarring or damage to the fallopian tubes. IVF involves retrieval of eggs and sperm or use of donor eggs and sperm, voiding the need for a healthy uterus.

Less Chance of Miscarriage

With IVF, preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) is used to analyze if there are any abnormal genetics that offer a high risk of miscarriage. Use of advanced technology focuses on the integrity of the embryos before transfer to the uterus.

Open to Anyone

IVF offers a viable option to men and women who may not otherwise have the opportunity to experience parenthood. Same-sex couples, infertile couples, and single people are able to have the same prospect through donor sperm/egg, surrogacy, and assisted fertilization.

Donated Eggs/Sperms Can Be Used

For some men and women, infertility complications and health conditions can see the need for use of donated sperm and/or eggs. By using the science of IVF, these people have a greater chance to begin a new chapter in their lives as parents.

You Can Select the Perfect Time

Many people decide to focus on their education and careers in their 20s and through most of their 30s before deciding to have children. Following this option can prove to be challenging as the quality and quantity of eggs and sperm can diminish over time. IVF can be used to fertilize any eggs and sperm that were previously cryopreserved or to be used with donor eggs and sperm.

Improves the Chances of Having a Healthy Baby

The miracle of life is priceless and every new parent hopes and prays for a healthy baby. Using IVF therapy provides access to PGT which can screen test for genetic decompositions within the embryo before being transferred into the uterus.
Advantages and Disadvantages of IVF-01

Disadvantages of IVF

While there are many advantages to IVF treatment, there are also some clear disadvantages. It’s important to note, however, that not everyone experiences one or all of the disadvantages of IVF.

The Risk of Multiple Pregnancies

IVF treatment has a high risk of multiple pregnancies. While this may be true in some studies, the procedure is often done with the use of only one embryo for that very reason. Most fertility clinic treatments focus on one pregnancy at a time. In cases where more than one fetus develops, the health risks for both babies and the mother will increase.

It’s Expensive

It is true that IVF can be expensive as it encompasses payment of medication, tests, travel expenses, and other related costs. For some, these costs are the reason IVF may be delayed or not even attempted. There are funding programs through various fertility clinics, local  organizations, and provincial governments that can be accessed.

Higher Risk of an Unsuccessful Cycle

Not every IVF cycle is successful and there are no guarantees as to how many cycles a person may require before a pregnancy occurs. With the use of modern science, a fertility specialist may be able to investigate the chances of success based on the individual situation.

Also Read: Failed IVF: Steps to Take in Your Next Attempt

Can Lead to Various Health Issues

In the beginning years of IVF, the procedures and medications were blamed for birth defects, high risk pregnancies, egg retrieval complications, and even cancer diagnosis. More recent studies debunk these claims. Aside from the risk for health complications, IVF can have a detrimental effect on a person’s mental state, especially in cases where the IVF cycles are unsuccessful.

Premature Baby

As with many cases of naturally conceived babies, there can be a risk for premature delivery and low birthweight of the child. These factors alone can lead to short- and long-term health problems. The cases where this is evident with use of IVF consists of treatment using a higher amount of medication content during the IVF cycle.

Fewer Eggs Collected

With IVF, there is a chance fewer than expected eggs may be retrieved due to various quality and/or quantity concerns of the individual woman. It is expected that 80% to 90% of the follicles should yield eggs. In some rare cases, no eggs are retrieved with the procedure.

Consult with ONE Fertility for Your IVF Plan

ONE Fertility Kitchener Waterloo offers individualized consultation and fertility plans for each patient at our specialized fertility care, treatment, and counselling clinic. We are in partnership with the Ontario government to provide IVF funding programs. Contact us today to book a consultation with one of our esteemed fertility specialists.


4271 King St East, Suite 200
Kitchener, ON
N2P 2X7

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Saturday-Sunday: 8am-12pm

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Phone: 519.650.0011
Fax: 519.650.0033